Fellows and Scholars

Biodefense is a collaborative enterprise. Studies and analysis of biological, chemical, cyber and informational risks and threats require interdisciplinary engagement of the physical, natural, life, and social sciences, law, public safety, and humanities.

Toward these ends, the Institute welcomes public and government sector colleagues from these disciplines at all career levels (upper-undergraduate, graduate, and medical and law students, junior-, mid-, and senior-level professionals) to become fellows and scholars.

Prospective applicants are invited to undertake independent, mentored study on topics that are aligned and synergistic with our ongoing areas of interest.

Support/salary is not provided for fellows and scholars, and applicants are encouraged to develop and provide their own support (via salary, stipends, grants and/or other awards), and we can work to assist potential applicants to secure any necessary support from various funding resources.

Direct inquiries about fellow and/or scholar opportunities to: info@biodefenseresearch.org. Include in your correspondence a brief description of research interests and/or intended studies, and current Curriculum Vitae or resume.


Timothy J. Demy, Th.D., Ph.D.,  Headshot


Timothy J. Demy, Th.D., Ph.D.

Timothy J. Demy, Th.D., Ph.D., is Professor of Military Ethics at the U.S. Naval War College. He also serves as an Affiliated Scholar, Pellegrino Center for Clinical Bioethics, Georgetown University Medical Center and Visiting Fellow in Religion and Theology at Durham University (UK). Prior to his 2008 faculty appointment, he served 27 years as a chaplain in the U.S. Navy serving afloat and ashore with units of the U.S. Navy, U.S. Marine Corps, and U.S. Coast Guard.

The major themes of his current work and many publications are in the fields of technology, ethics and military ethics, international relations, security, and religion.  He serves in advisory and editorial capacities on several national and international journals, including the international Journal of Military Ethics. Among his publications are Ethics and Emerging Military Technology (Routledge, co-editor, 2014), Ethics and the Twenty-First-Century Military Professional, editor, (Naval War College Press, 2018), Naval Leadership Ethics, editor (U.S. Naval Institute, 2017), and War, Peace, and Christianity: Questions and Answers from a Just War Tradition (Crossway Publications, 2010, co-author).

Dr. Demy received the BA from Texas Christian University, Th.M. and Th.D. from Dallas Theological Seminary, M.A. and Ph.D. from Salve Regina University, M.A. from the Naval War College, M.A. from The University of Texas at Arlington, and M.St. from the University of Cambridge.

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Diane DiEuliis, Ph.D.

Dr. Diane DiEuliis is a Senior Research fellow at National Defense University, where she researches the impacts of emerging biological technologies on biodefense, biosecurity and national defense. Her expertise covers synthetic biology, the US bioeconomy, dual use life sciences research, disaster recovery, and behavioral, cognitive, and social science as it relates to important aspects of deterrence and preparedness. Dr. DiEuliis teaches a course on biotechnology and biodefense, and lectures in foundational professional military education.

Prior to joining NDU, Dr. DiEuliis was the Deputy Director for Policy and Planning, in the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. While there, she coordinated policy in support of domestic and international health emergency preparedness and response activities.

Dr. DiEuliis was the Assistant Director for Life Sciences and Behavioral and Social Sciences in the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) in the Executive Office of the President across two presidencies. During her tenure at the White House, she created policy in biosecurity, synthetic biology, biotechnology, behavioral science, scientific collections, and human subjects’ research. Dr. DiEuliis also worked to help coordinate the interagency response to public health issues such as the H1N1 pandemic.

Prior to working at OSTP, Dr. DiEuliis was a program director at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), where she managed a diverse portfolio of neuroscience research in neurodegenerative diseases. She completed postdocs at the University of Pennsylvania in the Center for Neurodegenerative Disease Research, and the NIH Intramural research program, where she focused on cellular and molecular neuroscience.

Dr. DiEuliis has a Ph.D. in biology from the University of Delaware, in Newark, Delaware.

James P. Farwell


James P. Farwell


James Farwell is an internationally renown legal authority on strategic communication and campaigns. He has advised seven Presidential-level campaigns domestically and abroad.  Additionally, he advises the Pentagon on communication strategy and cyber strategy, policy, and legal issues.

 He is an Associate Fellow in the Centre for Strategic Communication, Dept. of War Studies, King’s College, U. of London and a non-resident Senior Fellow at the Middle East Institute in Washington.

His books include Persuasion & Power: The Art of Strategic Communication (Washington: Georgetown University Press, 2012), and the just published Information Warfare (Quantico: Marine Corps University Press, 2020)

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Captain Deborah L. Greubel, DNP


Dr. Deborah Greubel is a 1991 graduate of The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, Oklahoma with a bachelor’s degree in Nursing.  Greubel holds a master’s degree from the University of Oklahoma as a Nurse Practitioner as well as a Doctor of Nursing Practice from Oklahoma City University.  She joined Mary Baldwin University in 2017 as the Vice President and Dean of the Murphy Deming College of Health Sciences.  She transitioned in January of 2021 to take on the inaugural role of Chief Health Officer for the University and continuing her work as Vice President for the College of Health Sciences. 

In addition to her work at the University, Dr. Greubel is a commissioned officer in the United States Navy.  Greubel received a direct commission as a Lieutenant in 2001 and attended initial training via Direct Commission Officer School, NAS Pensacola.  She was recalled to active duty in 2005 and assigned to Expeditionary Medical Facility – as Officer in Charge, Camp Victory, Kuwait. In 2010 Greubel was assigned at the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery (BUMED), Washington, D.C. Throughout her navy career, CAPT Greubel has held various positions in logistics, strategic planning, operations, joint service interoperability, and training.  She is currently assigned to Expeditionary Combat Readiness Command as a Nurse Practitioner and provides Legal Officer Services to Expeditionary Medical Units as requested.

Dr. Greubel holds credentials in Executive Education for Health Care Delivery Systems, The Wharton School of Business, the Navy War College (JPME I), and Navy Justice School.

Yvonne R. Masakowski Headshot


Yvonne R. Masakowski, Ph.D.


Dr. Yvonne R. Masakowski has a distinguished career supporting the US Navy spanning 27 years.  She was appointed as a Research Fellow at the U.S. Naval War College (NWC) following her retirement.  She continues to mentor students in the NWC EEMT program with a focus on Artificial Intelligence.  She has served as an Associate Professor, Leader Development and Ethics at the Naval War College and taught courses at NWC in Leader Development, Ethics, Cultural Competence, and the Humanities and War.  She also taught critical thinking, and ethical decision-making as part of the Executive Development of US Navy Admirals and Navy JAGs. She served as the first Associate Director, Human Factors for the Office of Naval Research Global, London, UK and as the CNO Science Advisor for the CNO Strategic Studies Group.  She also served as an invited Visiting Scientist at NATO CMRE, Italy with a focus on autonomous, unmanned systems.  She led the Human Factors Advanced Concepts group at NAVSEA, NUWC with a focus on submarine combat systems designs and Autonomous Unmanned systems design.  She is the US Chair of the NATO Research Task Group (NATO HFM RTG 286) focused on leader development for Multinational Military Operations and Co-Chair of the RTG 337 focused on NATO’s response to COVID and future pandemics. She was the Chair of the OSD TTCP Human Factors group and served on multiple TTCP panels for 16 years.  She holds a Ph.D. in Psychology (Biopsychology, CUNY), M.A. Psychology (Psycholinguistics, UCONN), M.A. Philosophy (CUNY), and a Diploma from MIT Seminar XXI in Foreign Policy and National Security.  Dr. Masakowski has authored numerous publications, journal articles, books, book chapters, et al. including her recent book, “Artificial Intelligence and Global Security: Future Trends, Threats, and Considerations”.  She is the recipient of numerous national awards including the US DoD Superior Civilian Meritorious Service Award, the Navy Achievement Award, and the Albert Nelson Marquis Lifetime Achievement Award, et al., as well as international awards.  Most notably, Dr. Masakowski was decorated with The Czech Republic’s highest medal of honor, “The Cross of Merit”, as well as awards from France and Poland in recognition of her achievements in S&T exchange. She was selected as an Honorary Fellow of the UK Royal Institution of Naval Architects for her contribution to ship design.  She has studied Latin, Polish, Russian, French, Spanish, Italian, and Japanese over the course of her career. 


Areas of expertise:  Artificial Intelligence, Ethics/Bioethics, Advanced technology Design, Autonomous unmanned system designs, NATO, TTCP, and International S&T collaboration

Gina Palmer


Gina Granados Palmer, Ph.D.


Gina Granados Palmer is a researcher studying the intersection of leadership, ethics, humanity, and technology through the lens of history and conflict, Dr. Palmer brings 15+ years of multi-disciplinary experience and a dynamic background in technology, entrepreneurship, international relations, and documentary filmmaking. She combines robust technical skills and keen operational insight to advise and illuminate discourse and to explore the interconnected challenges of our modern world.   

In her current role as an assistant professor in the College of Leadership & Ethics, U.S. Naval War College, she cultivates leader capacities for adaptive problem solving and decision making in the contexts of war, defense, and diplomacy. Focusing her research on the public processing of war trauma and the implications of emerging technology, her areas of deepest interest include the operationalization of ethics, nuclear ethics, cognitive science, AI, and strategies to build a globally-secure future.

Palmer is a Visiting Scholar at the Pellegrino Center for Bioethics at Georgetown University, with recent publications including: book chapter in Responsibility and Restraint, “Bibliography of Works on Just War and Contemporary Conflict;” and chapter, “AI Ethics: Four Key Considerations for a Globally-Secure Future.” 


Areas of expertise:  ​Leadership & Ethics, Humanities & Technology 

Maureen “Mo” Rhemann, EMBA, PhD


Maureen “Mo” Rhemann, EMBA, Ph.D.


Dr Rhemann is the co-founder of Reperi Analysis Center (RAC); a private R&D organization involved in novel prediction methodologies, applied research, and development of new technologies and toolsets that use neuroscience, physics, engineering, medicine, mathematics, and computational computing advances to anticipate possible future scenarios.

She has served as the Engagement Lead/P.I. on more than 200 research and technology engagements for both the private and public sector including Fortune 500 companies, federal research labs, Venture Capital, and Private Equity. She created the 7-S/ADP process using a neuroscientific framework to interact with future scenarios, and continues to expand research on energetic prediction theories for characterization of better prediction algorithms using biological and non-biological cellular and energetic behaviors. Dr Rhemann is an Affiliated Scholar at Georgetown University Medical Center; a Fellow of the Howard Brain Sciences Foundation, and has authored numerous publications in leading trade and investment publications.

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John R. Shook, Ph.D.


John R. Shook PhD teaches philosophy at Bowie State University in Maryland, and Georgetown University in Washington DC. He also teaches research ethics and science education for the University at Buffalo’s online Science and the Public EdM program. He has been a visiting fellow at the Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy at George Mason University in Virginia, and the Center for Neurotechnology Studies of the Potomac Institute for Public Policy in Virginia. At Georgetown University, he works with James Giordano of the Pellegrino Center for Clinical Bioethics. Shook’s research encompasses philosophy of science, pragmatism, philosophical psychology, neurophilosophy, social neuroscience, moral psychology, neuroethics, and science-religion dialogue. He co-edited Neuroscience, Neurophilosophy, and Pragmatism (2014), and American Philosophy and the Brain: Pragmatist Neurophilosophy, Old and New (2014). His articles have appeared in Cortex, Neuroethics, AJOB-Neuroscience, Cambridge Quarterly of Health Care Ethics, Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine, and Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics.

Areas of expertise: philosophy of science, neurophilosophy, ethics of technology


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Angela S. Von Trytek, Ph.D.


Dr. Angela von Trytek is currently a GS-15 Supervisory Special Agent in federal law enforcement having oversight and jurisdictional responsibility for multiple states in the upper Midwest portion of the United States (U.S.). She collaborates with other federal, local, and state agencies as it pertains to complex poly-drug investigations with regional, national, and international impact. Dr. von Trytek has served as a Liaison Officer with the U.S. Southern Command (US SOUTHCOM) Doral, Florida and served as a Section Chief and Subject Matter Expert (SME) involving human intelligence (HUMIT). Dr. von Trytek has extensive experience in domestic and foreign investigations. Her overseas assignment in Afghanistan allowed her to work with cross functional teams and interagency partners, in furtherance of U.S. counterdrug policies and objectives.

Dr. von Trytek served twenty-five years in the U.S. Army and Army Reserve. During her military career, she was an Enlisted Soldier and a Commissioned Officer before honorably retiring.

Dr. von Trytek’s areas of research interest include transnational criminal organizations as a national security threat, the weaponization of fentanyl and other analogues, and the effects of leadership styles on women in federal law enforcement.


Nicolas Wright Headshot


Nicholas Wright, Ph.D.


Dr Nicholas Wright is a medical doctor and neuroscientist, an affiliated scholar at Georgetown University, Honorary Senior Research Fellow at University College London (UCL), Consultant at Intelligent Biology and Fellow at New America.

His work combines neuroscientific, behavioural and technological insights to understand decision-making in politics and international confrontations, in ways practically applicable to policy.

He leads international, interdisciplinary projects with collaborators in countries including China, the U.S., Iran and the UK. He was an Associate in the Nuclear Policy Program, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Washington DC and a Senior Research Fellow in International Relations at the University of Birmingham, UK. He has conducted work for the UK Government and U.S. Department of Defense. Before this he examined decision-making using functional brain imaging at UCL and in the Department of Government at the London School of Economics. He was a clinical neurologist in Oxford and at the National Hospital for Neurology.

On artificial intelligence (AI) he advises Europe’s largest tech company, SAP, and Governments. DARPA used his definition of Grey Zone conflict in their recent COMPASS programme. Foreign Affairs chose his piece on AI and the global order for its Top 10 of 2018 on the net. He recently edited the book “AI, China, Russia and the Global Order.”

He has published academically (some twenty publications, e.g. Proceedings of the Royal Society), in general publications such as the Atlantic and Foreign Affairs, and with the Pentagon Joint Staff. He has appeared on the BBC and CNN.

Wright received a medical degree from UCL, a BSc in Health Policy from Imperial College London, has Membership of the Royal College of Physicians (UK), has an MSc in Neuroscience and a PhD in Neuroscience both from UCL.

Areas of expertise

  1. Neuroscience and cognitive science – both basic and applied to strategy.
  2. Emerging technologies – including artificial intelligence, biological and outer space.
  3. Strategy, particularly related to influence in grey zone conflicts at local, national and global scales.


Rachel Wurzman, Ph.D., MSSA


Dr. Rachel Wurzman is a PhD neuroscientist and neuroethicist with a multidisciplinary background in noninvasive brain stimulation, neurosecurity-related biodefense, social-cognitive neuroscience, and science policy pertaining to national security, intelligence, and defense. Her ongoing research addresses the use and misuse of neurotechnology in conflict engagements; neuroethical issues arising from the use of neuroscience in national security, defense, and intelligence; the ethical, legal, and social issues pertaining to non-invasive brain stimulation; and applications of social health technologies to reduce epidemic deaths of despair and social polarization. 

Dr. Wurzman is Affiliate Faculty at Georgetown University in the the Neuroethics Studies Program of the Pellegrino Center for Clinical Bioethics, Chief Scientist at Neuromemetic LLC, and she currently serves as Neuroethics advisor to the DARPA N3 program team at Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory. Rachel is also a co-founder and Director of Science for SeekHealing, a nonprofit focused on improving relational social health in communities to address the root causes of addiction, suicide, and radicalization. Previously, Rachel served as a Fellow with the Center for Neuroscience and Society as well as a Postdoctoral Research Fellow in Neurology with the Laboratory for Cognition and Neural Stimulation at the University of Pennsylvania. She was also an author and subject matter expert to several white papers and projects with the Strategic Multilevel Assessment (SMA) Group at the Pentagon, a policy intern in the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy under the Obama administration, and a 2017 TED speaker.

Dr. Wurzman received her PhD in Neuroscience from Georgetown University’s Interdisciplinary Program in Neuroscience, MS degrees in Physiology and Biophysics from Georgetown University and Social Administration from Case Western Reserve University, and a B.A. in Neuroscience from Smith College. 


Joseph DeFranco


Joseph DeFranco


Joseph DeFranco is a Ph.D. student studying prion biology in the Colorado State University Microbiology program. He previously served as a CDC/APHL COVID-19 Fellow working at the Ohio Department of Health, a Scholar Fellow of the Defense Operational Cognitive Sciences section of the Strategic Multilayer Assessment Branch (Joint Staff, Pentagon), a Donovan Group Biosecurity Fellow at the U.S. Special Operations Command, and was on the staff of Congressman Donald S. Beyer (VA-08) assisting his efforts on the U.S. House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology. Joe is the author of several international peer-reviewed publications, U.S. government white papers, and Army TRADOC Mad Scientist Laboratory reports that have addressed the intersection of brain science, biodefense, and national security. He also has additional laboratory experience at the National Center for Biodefense and Infectious Diseases as well as the Krasnow Institute for Advanced Study.

M.S. Biodefense, George Mason University, 2020
B.S. Neuroscience, George Mason University, 2019


LaTia Dukes


LaTia Dukes


LaTia Dukes is a doctoral student in the Liberal Studies program at Georgetown University. She holds a Master of Science degree in clinical psychology and maintains certifications in school psychology in Washington, D.C., and Oregon state. LaTia’s academic interests include cognitive neuroscience and neurotechnology. Her interest in neurothethics was in part shaped by her experience as a trainee in the Leadership Education in Neurodevelopmental Disabilities (LEND) program at Children’s National Medical Center. It was during this training that she gained interdisciplinary clinical competence in matters of neurodevelopmental disorders as the University of the District of Columbia’s very first student participant accepted into the highly sought-after program. With passion for matters of equity in bioethics and neuroethics, she seeks to develop sustainable tools for educational entities in economically disadvantaged regions. LaTia recently co-authored an article about ethical considerations of neuroscience narratives in science fiction. In future writings and research, she seeks to bridge her work as a school psychologist with matters of neuroethics.

Vikram Venkatram


Vikram Venkatram


Vikram Venkatram is a recent graduate of Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service, where he studied Science, Technology, and International Affairs with a minor in Biology. He is also currently pursuing graduate work through Georgetown’s accelerated BSFS/Security Studies M.A. program, where he is a second-year student. Originally from San Jose, California, his main interests lie in biosecurity issues, ranging from pandemic preparedness to emerging biotechnology to environmental security to bioethics. He is a scholar of the O’Neill Pellegrino Program in Science and Global Health Law and Policy of the Georgetown University Medical Center, where his ongoing work addresses biosecurity and biohazard response, dual-use neuroscience and technology, and global surveillance and policy. His work has been featured by the Strategic Multi-Layer Assessment group, Joint Staff, Pentagon, the Atlantic Council, and the Mad Scientist Network of US Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC). Previously, he has interned at the Atlantic Council, on the Forward Defense Team, and at the State Department, in the Office of Conservation and Water (ECW).